6) Data Sequencing.
7) Data Routing.
8) Error Control.
9) Flow Control.
Collection of fax and figure is called data.
Networking = Resource sharing.
Signal carry message or data.
Communication of data achive by the processing of signal.
Common set of rules and signals that are used by computer for communication over the networking. Example: Ethernet.
A long message to be transmated is broken in to smaller packet of fixed size.
The process of finding the most efficient root between source and destination before sending a data.
Regulates the process of sending data b/w fast sender & vice versa.
It ensure that data are transmated without any error.