HTML

WEB PAGE

WEB BROWSER

  • Web page is what you see the web browser is what displays the web page.

A web browser is the software application that accesses the web page.

  • A web page is what you see the browser to view like Google, YouTube, or answers.com.

A web browser is a program on your computer like Explorer, Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.

  • Web page contains information interact with user or client use to interact over the network.

Web browser is the application or tool use to run web pages.

 

DEVELOPMENT OF HTML:

After Vinegar Bush first proposed the basics of hypertext in 1945, it laid the foundation for Tim Berners-Lee and others to invent the World Wide Web, HTML (hypertext markup language), HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and URLs (Universal Resource Locators) in 1990.

DEFINATION OF HTML:

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, it is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web. HTML is used to define the structure and layout of a Web page, how a page looks and any special functions. HTML does this by using what are called tags that have attributes. For example <p> means a paragraph break. As the viewer of a web page you don’t see the HTML, it is hidden from your view, however, you do the results.

TIME BERNERS-LEE & HTML:

  • Tim Berners-Lee was the primary author of html, assisted by his colleagues at CERN, an international scientific organization based in Geneva, Switzerland. Tim Berners-Lee is currently the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium, the group that sets technical standards for the Web.
  • View a screen shot of Tim Berners-Lee’s Browser Editor as developed in 1991-92 this was a true browser editor for the first version of HTML and ran on a Next workstation. Implemented in Objective-C, it made it easy to create, view and edit web documents. Hypertext Markup Language (First Version of HTML) was formally published on June 1993.

DEVELOPMENT OF WWW:


In 1980, Tim Berners-Lee, an independent contractor at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN),Switzerland, built ENQUIRE, as a personal database of people and software models, but also as a way to play with hypertext; each new page of information in ENQUIRE had to be linked to an existing page.

In 1984 Berners-Lee returned to CERN, and considered its problems of information presentation: physicists from around the world needed to share data, and with no common machines and no common presentation software. He wrote a proposal in March 1989 for “a large hypertext database with typed links”, but it generated little interest. His boss, Mike Send all, encouraged Berners-Lee to begin implementing his system on a newly acquired NeXT workstation. He considered several names, including Information Mesh,The Information Mine(turned down as it abbreviates to TIM, the WWW’s creator’s name) or Mine of Information (turned down because it abbreviates to MOI which is “Me” in French), but settled on World Wide Web.

He found an enthusiastic collaborator in Robert Caelian, who rewrote the proposal (published on November 12, 1990) and sought resources within CERN. Berners-Lee and Caelian pitched their ideas to the European Conference on Hypertext Technology in September 1990, but found no vendors who could appreciate their vision of marrying hypertext with the Internet.

By Christmas 1990, Berners-Lee had built all the tools necessary for a working Web: the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP), the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), the first Web browser (named WorldWideWeb, which was also a Web editor), the first HTTP server software (later known as CERN httpd), the first web server and the first Web pages that described the project itself. The browser could access Usenet newsgroups and FTP files as well. However, it could run only on the NeXT; Nicola Pillow therefore created a simple text browser that could run on almost any computer called the Line Mode Browser. To encourage use within CERN, Bernd Pollermann put the CERN telephone directory on the web — previously users had to log onto the mainframe in order to look up phone numbers.

According to Tim Berners-Lee, the Web was mainly invented in the Building 31 at CERN but also at Home, in the two houses he lived in during that time (one in France, one in Switzerland).

On August 6, 1991, Berners-Lee posted a short summary of the World Wide Web project on the alt.hypertext news group. This date also marked the debut of the Web as a publicly available service on the Internet.

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