ABBREVATIONS

  • ADF:        Automatic Document Feeder.
  • ABM:       Asynchronous Balanced Mode.
  • AC:          Alternating Current.
  • ACL:        Access Control List.
  • ADC:       Analog-To-Digital Converter.         
  • ADO:       ActiveX Data Objects.
  • ADSL:     Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.
  • AGP:       Accelerated Graphics Port.
  • AIX:         Advanced Interactive Executive.
  • Ajax:       Asynchronous JavaScript and XML.
  • ALU:       Airthmetic and Logical Unit.
  • AMD:      Advanced Micro Devices.
  • ANSI:      American National Standards Institute.
  • API:        Application Programming Interface.
  • ARP:      Address Resolution Protocol.
  • ASCII:    American Standard Code for Information Interchange.  
  • ATA:      Advance Technology Attachment.
  • ATM:     Asynchronous Transfer Mode.
  • BIOS:    Basic Input Output System.
  • BNC:     Bayonet Neill-Concealment.
  • bps:      bits per second
  • CD:       Compact Disk.
  • CGA:    Color Graphics Array.
  • CLI:      Command Line Interface.
  • CLR:    Common Language  Runtime.
  • CMOS: Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor.
  • CPU:    Central Procsessing Unit.
  • CRT:    Cathode Ray Tube.
  • CSI:      Common System Interface.
  • DCL:    Data Control Language.
  • DDL:    Data Definition Language.
  • DIMM:  Dual Inline Memory Module.
  • DLL:    Dynamic Link Library.
  • DMA:   Direct Memory Access.
  • DND:   Drag-And-Drop.
  • DML:   Data Manipulation Language.
  • DOS:   Disk Operating System.
  • DP:      Dot Pitch.
  • DPMI:  DOS Protected Mode Interface.
  • DRAM:Dynamic Random Access Memory.
  • DSL:   Digital Subscriber  Line.
  • DSSSL: Document Style Semantics And Specification Language.
  • EDA:     Electronic Design Automation.   
  • EDO:     Exetended Data Out.
  • EEPROM:   Electronically- Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory.
  • EISA:        Exetended Industry Standard Architecture.
  • EPROM:  Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory.
  • EXE:        Executable.
  • FAT:        File Allocation Table.
  • FDD:        Floppy Disk Drive.
  • FDDI:      Fiber Distributed Data Interface.
  • FIFO:      First In First Out.
  • FTTP:     Fiber To The Premises.
  • FTP:         File Transfer Protocol.
  • GB/gb:     Giga Byte / Gigabit.
  • GIF:         Graphics Interchange Format.
  • GUI:         Graphical User Iterface.
  • HAL:        Hardware Abstraction Layer.
  • HDD:        Hard Disk Drive.
  • HP:           Hewlett-Packard.
  • HPFS:      High Performance File System.
  • HTML:    Hypertext Markup Language.
  • HTTP:     Hypertext Transfer Protocol.
  • IBM:        International Business Machine.
  • IC:            Integrated Circuit.
  • ICMP:      Internet Control Message Protocol.
  • IDE:          Integrated Drive Electronic.
  • IE:             Internet Explorer.
  • IEEE:        Institute of Electrical and electronics Engineers.
  • IM:            Instant Messaging.
  • IMAP:       Internet Message Accessed Protocol.
  • IP:              Internet Protocol.
  • IP:              Intellectual Property.
  • IPX:           Internet work Packet Exchange.
  • IRP:           I/O Request Packet.
  • ISA:           Industry Standard Architecture.
  • ISDN:        Integrated Services Digital Network.
  • ISP:           Internet Service Provider.
  • JPEG:        Joint Photographic Experts Group.
  • JSP:           Jackson structured Programming.
  • KB/kb:      Kilo Byte / Kilobit.
  • LAN:         Local Area Network.
  • LCD:         Liquid Crystal Display.
  • LED:          Light – Emitting Diode.
  • LIFO:         Last In First Out.
  • LUN:          Logical Unit Number.
  • MAC:         Mandatory Access Control.
  • MB/Mb:     Mega Byte / Megabit.
  • MCSA:       Microsoft Certified System Administrator.
  • MHz:          Mega Hertz.
  • MMIO:      Memory-Mapped I/O.
  • MMU:        Memory Management Unit.
  • MoBo:        Motherboard.
  • MS-DOS:   Microsoft DOS
  • MSDN:       Microsoft Developer Network.
  • MVC:         Model-View-Controller.
  • NEP:           Network Equipment Provider.
  • NFS:           Network File System.
  • NTFS:        NT File system.
  • NSPR:        Netscape Portable Runtime
  • NMI:          Non-Mask able Interrupt.
  • NNTP:       Network News Transfer Protocol.
  • OMG:        Object Management Group.
  • OSI:           Open Systems Interconnection.
  • P2P:           Peer-To-Peer.
  • PAN:          Personal Area Network.
  • PAP:          Password Authentication.
  • PCB:          Printed Circuit Board.
  • PCI:           Peripheral Component Interconnect.
  • PCIe:         PCI Express.
  • PDP:          Programmed Data Processor.
  • PIC:           Peripheral Interface Controller.
  • POST:       Power-On Self Test.
  • PS/2:         Personal System/2.
  • PNG:        Portable Network Graphics.
  • BMP:       Basic Multilingual Plane.
  • PnP:         Plug-And-Play.
  • RARP:     Reverse Address Resolution Protocol.
  • RISC:       Reduced Information Protocol.
  • RLL:        Run – Length Encoding.
  • RPM:       RPM Package Manager.
  • SATA:      Serial ATA.
  • SCSI:        Small Computer System Interface.
  • DDR:        Double Data Rate.
  • SD:           Secure Digital.
  • SDK:        Software Development Kit.
  • SDRAM: Synchronous Dynamic Random access Memory.
  • SFTP:     Simple File Transfer Protocol.
  • SIMM:   Single Inline Memory Module.
  • DIMM:  Dual Line Memory Module.
  • SSD:       Software Specification Document.
  • TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol.
  • TTL:      Transistor- Transistor Logic.
  • XML:     Extensible Markup Language.
  • UDP:      User Datagram Protocol.
  • URL:      Uniform Resource Locator.
  • URI:       Uniform Resource Identifier.
  • VESA:    Video Electronics Standards Association.
  • USB:       Universal Serial Bus.
  • VM:        Virtual Memory.
  • VGA:      Video Graphics Array.
  • Wi-Fi:      Wireless Fidelity.
  • WLAN:    Wireless LAN.
  • WPAN:     Wireless PAN.
  • XML:        Extensible Hypertext Markup Language.
  • CCNA:      Cisco Certified Network Administrator.
  • B2B:          Business-To-Business.
  • B2C:          Business-To-Consumer.
  • C2C:          Computer-To-Computer.
  • C2B:          Consumer-To-Business.
  • GUI:          Graphical User Interface.
  • NLM:        Network Loadable Module.
  • ATI:          Array/Advance Technology inc/ Interface.
  • BCD:        Binary Coded Decimal.
  • EDI:          Electronic Data Interchange.
  • WWW:     World wide Web.
  • E-mail:      Electronic mail
  • BMP:         Basic Multilingual Plane.
  • RISC:         Reduced Instruction Set Computer.
  • CISC:         Complex Instruction Set Computer.
  • PPI:            Pixels Per Inch.
  • EBCDIC:   Exetended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code. 
  • IRQ:           Interrupt Request.
  • MCA:         Micro Channel architecture.
  • ATX:          Advance Technology Extended.
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